Iron & Steel Market Forecast: Trends and Predictions for 2025

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The major drivers influencing the growth of the iron & steel market are rapid infrastructure development, urbanization and the growing product demand from the non-residential sector such as heavy industry and consumer.

What is Iron & Steel Industry?

The iron and steel industry is a sector of the economy that involves the production of various types of iron and steel products from raw materials such as iron ore, coal, and limestone. The industry is an essential part of modern infrastructure and is critical to the development and growth of many economies around the world. The iron and steel market size is projected to grow from US$ 1,599.4 Bn in 2022 to US$ 1,928.6 Bn by 2027. The market is registering a CAGR of 3.8% over the projection period.

The iron and steel industry can be broadly divided into two main categories: primary and secondary production. Primary production involves the conversion of iron ore into pig iron, which is then used to produce various types of steel. Secondary production involves the recycling of steel scrap to produce new steel products. The iron and steel industry produces a wide range of products, including flat and long products, such as sheet metal, bars, and wire, as well as specialty products like pipes, tubes, and structural steel.

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The Iron & Steel Market research report will also provide the key differentiators, income share, market size, market status, and techniques will all be taken into account in this subjective and quantitative analysis. The research will also discuss significant agreements, partnerships, and international organizations that are about to transform certain market segments on a global basis.

Browse 247 market data Tables and 53 Figures spread through 265 Pages and in-depth TOC on “Iron & Steel Market by Type (Iron and Steel), Production Technology(Basic Oxygen Furnace, Electric Arc Furnace, Open Hearth and Others), End-use Industry (Construction & Building, Automotive & Transportation, Heavy Industry, Consumer Goods), and Region – Global Forecast to 2027” 

Iron & Steel Market Scope

The Iron & Steel Market research report by MNM will provide all the most recent market trends, which has been announced. The study also contributes to a quick estimation of the market’s size, which is expected to expand significantly over the envisioned period of time. Furthermore, new technological developments and mechanical improvements are justified when demand for this service/item increases globally.

Iron & Steel Market Key Players

  • China Baowu Steel Group Corporation (China)
  • ArcelorMittal (Luxembourg)
  • Nippon Steel Corporation (Japan)
  • POSCO (South Korea)
  • Nucor Corporation (US)
  • HBIS Group (China)
  • Ansteel Group Corporation(China)
  • Tata Steel Limited(India)
  • JSW Steel(India)
  • SAIL(India)

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Iron & Steel Market Drivers and Restraints

The iron and steel market is influenced by a wide range of drivers and restraints that impact its growth and performance. Some of the key drivers and restraints are outlined below:


  1. Increasing demand for steel in infrastructure projects: Steel is a key material used in construction, particularly for infrastructure projects such as bridges, airports, and highways. As global economies continue to develop, the demand for infrastructure is expected to rise, driving demand for steel.
  2. Growing automotive industry: Steel is a primary material used in the automotive industry, particularly in the manufacturing of car bodies and engine parts. As the global automotive industry grows, the demand for steel is expected to increase.
  3. Booming construction industry: Steel is a key material used in construction, particularly for high-rise buildings, industrial plants, and other large-scale projects. As the construction industry grows, the demand for steel is expected to rise.
  4. Technological advancements: The iron and steel industry is constantly evolving, with new technologies being developed to improve production efficiency, reduce costs, and increase output. These advancements are expected to boost the growth of the industry.
  5. Urbanization: Rapid urbanization in emerging economies is driving demand for steel, particularly in the construction sector. As more people move to cities, the demand for housing, infrastructure, and other steel-intensive projects is expected to rise.


  1. High production costs: The iron and steel industry is capital-intensive and requires significant investment in machinery and infrastructure. This can make it difficult for smaller players to enter the market and compete with larger, established firms.
  2. Fluctuating raw material prices: The cost of raw materials such as iron ore and coal can be volatile, which can impact the profitability of the iron and steel industry.
  3. Environmental concerns: The iron and steel industry is a major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions, particularly through the use of coal in the production process. As concerns around climate change and sustainability continue to grow, the industry may face increasing regulatory pressure to reduce its emissions.
  4. Competition from alternative materials: The iron and steel industry faces competition from alternative materials such as aluminum, plastics, and composites, which may offer advantages in terms of weight, durability, and cost.
  5. Economic slowdown: Economic downturns can have a significant impact on the demand for steel, particularly in industries such as construction and automotive manufacturing.

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The major drivers influencing the growth of the iron & steel market are rapid infrastructure development, urbanization and the growing product demand from the non-residential sector such as heavy industry and consumer. However, construction industry vulnerability to crisis and Volatile prices of raw material are the factors expected to restrain the market of iron & steel. The transition towards Net-zero steel and increased investments and support from government in emerging economies presents a significant market opportunity for iron & steel manufacturers. Moreover, environmental concerns due to the emission of harmfull gases during the production of steel and problem of excess capacity are the major challenges for the iron & steel market.

By Type, steel accounted for the largest share in 2021

By type, the iron & steel market is segmented into iron & steel. In the iron and steel industry, iron is the primary raw material used to produce steel. Iron ore is mined from the earth’s crust and processed to extract iron metal. The iron is then used to make steel through a process called steelmaking. During steelmaking, iron is combined with other elements such as carbon, manganese, and silicon to produce different types of steel with varying properties. An abundance of iron ore and growing urbanization are major factors that will drive the demand for iron & steel in the foreseeable future. Given that iron ore is an integral part of steel production, any increase in demand for steel is likely to drive up the demand for iron ore.

By Production Technology, basic oxygen furnace accounted for the largest share in 2021

The Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF) is a critical component of the iron and steel industry, as it is one of the primary methods used for producing steel. BOF steelmaking accounts for the majority of steel production globally, and its use is expected to continue to drive the market for the iron and steel industry in the coming years. The demand for steel is driven by various factors, including global economic growth, construction and infrastructure development, and industrial production. As these sectors continue to expand, the demand for steel is expected to grow, which will in turn drive demand for the BOF process and the raw materials used in steel production, such as iron ore, coal, and limestone.

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By End-use Industry, the heavy industry segment accounted for the third largest share in 2021

Iron & steel are essential materials used in a variety of industries, particularly in heavy industry. Iron & steel are commonly used in the construction of heavy machinery for mining, shipbuilding, and heavy machine tools. Iron & steel are strong, durable materials that are resistant to corrosion, making them ideal for use in heavy industrial applications. They are also relatively inexpensive and easy to work with, allowing them to be used in a variety of projects. Steel is extensively used to manufacture modern machinery, which is used for mining activities and in heavy material handling equipment such as haulage trucks with a capacity of up to 200 tons, crane arms, and bulldozers, among others.

Asia Pacific accounted for the largest share of the Iron & steel market in 2021

The Asia Pacific iron and steel market is one of the largest and most important markets in the world. It includes countries such as China, Japan, India, South Korea, among others. China is the largest producer and consumer of steel in the world, accounting for more than half of the global production and consumption. The country’s demand for steel is driven by its massive construction and infrastructure development projects. The major drivers for the growth of the construction market are increasing housing demand and rising infrastructure due to the increasing urbanization and growing population. The demand for construction is increasing due to huge economic growth in developing countries and low interest rates in developed countries. Also, factors such as increasing private sector investments in the construction sector, technological development, and rising disposable income are expected to propel the growth of the iron & steel market during the forecast period.

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